Today, the article Online network organization of Barcelona en Comú, an emergent movement‑party written with Helena Gallego, David Laniado, Yana Volkovich and Andreas Kaltenbrunner got published in the Computational Social Networks open-access journal. This work is an extension of my MSc thesis Computational Framework for the Assessment of New Forms of Political Organization in Social Media, which was also included at:
- Aragón, P., Volkovich, Y., Laniado, D., & Kaltenbrunner, A. (2016). “When a Movement Becomes a Party: Computational Assessment of New Forms of Political Organization in Social Media”. ICWSM 2016 – The International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, Cologne, Germany.
- Aragón P., Borge R., Calleja-López A., Kaltenbrunner A., Laniado D., Monterde A., & Volkovic Y. (2015).“D2.3 Results of the data analysis”. D-CENT (Decentralised Citizens ENgagement Technologies) project.
and presented in different venues like the 3rd Annual International Conference on Computational Social Science and the 4th DataBeers meetup. While the original work just focused on the movement-party structure of Barcelona en Comú using the retweet network, the extended work corroborated this dual structure on the network of replies. The new analysis also presents new findings of the role played by the Spanish and Catalan media during the 2015 Barcelona City Council election.
The emerging grassroots party Barcelona en Comú won the 2015 Barcelona City Council election. This candidacy was devised by activists involved in the Spanish 15M movement to transform citizen outrage into political change. On the one hand, the 15M movement was based on a decentralized structure. On the other hand, political science literature postulates that parties develop oligarchical leadership structures. This tension motivates to examine whether Barcelona en Comú preserved a decentralized structure or adopted a conventional centralized organization. In this study we develop a computational methodology to characterize the online network organization of every party in the election campaign on Twitter. Results on the network of retweets reveal that, while traditional parties are organized in a single cluster, for Barcelona en Comú two well-defined groups co-exist: a centralized cluster led by the candidate and party accounts, and a decentralized cluster with the movement activists. Furthermore, results on the network of replies also shows a dual structure: a cluster around the candidate receiving the largest attention from other parties, and another with the movement activists exhibiting a higher predisposition to dialogue with other parties.